PTSD: THE PAST IN EVERYDAY LIFE
This mental condition is more likely to happen to people who have been through a lot of scary things in their lives. People experience the traumatic event in front of their eyes. It has a mental as well as a physical impact on people. There is little evidence of human activity outside of people’s homes; they do not participate in any kind of social activity. To give just a few examples, there are natural disasters, accidents, acts of terrorism, bullying, war, and even rape. PTSD was also called as shell shock in the past. They had a significant impact on people who were residing in those nations during World Wars I and II. Everyone, regardless of age, culture, race, or any other factor, is susceptible to developing the illness in some form or another. The disorder mostly seen in women than in men.
People are unable to forget the things that have happened in their lives, and they often experience flashbacks or bad dreams that bring those memories back to mind. Because of this, people feel sad, angry, and scared, and they also feel like they are all alone. People who suffer from PTSD may avoid going out in public and avoid anything else that can bring up memories of the terrible experience. They have a highly adverse reaction to anything that might try to bring back memories of the traumatic experiences they went through.
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CAUSES OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER:
It takes place when someone is in danger of being killed, injured, or sexually abused. Nobody knows exactly how it happens to humans, but researchers have speculated on a number of different scenarios that could account for its occurrence.
- Stress related to trauma
- Anxiety, depression due to something bad happened in the past
- Response to stress
If you don’t look into it then it will increase in cases below:
- Long-lasting trauma
- Child abuse
- Job in military
- Bad habits like alcohol consumption, smoking or drug abuse
- Lack of support from family
- PTSD to other relatives
Traumatic events due to which PTSD may happen:
- Threatened with a weapon
- Sexual violence
- Plane crash
How to inhibit PTSD:
Even though everyone has had some kind of post-traumatic stress, not everyone ends up with PTSD as a result. It will be much simpler for you to manage your symptoms if you seek assistance from other people as soon as possible. Obtain assistance from a person in whom you have complete faith and no reason to have any doubts. You should visit a doctor if you want to get cured. There’s always a chance that some people will relocate. You will be able to stop bad habits with the help of other people.
SYMPTOMS OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER:
After a month has gone by since the traumatic event, people start to show signs of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sometimes the symptoms won’t show up for years after the disease has been present. Because of the symptoms, it may be hard to get along with other people, do well at work, or do simple tasks.
Four groups of PTSD symptoms:
- Intrusion: Repeated thoughts, flashbacks, memories, nightmares
- Avoidance: Avoid to think and talk, places, activities, people
- Negativity in thinking and mood: Depression is characterized by having bad thoughts about oneself or others, having a bad outlook on the future, not being able to remember important details about an event, having bad relationships, being distant from one’s family, not wanting to do things, not being able to feel joy, and not being able to feel anything at all.
- Physical and emotional changes: Fearful, constantly on the watch, engaging in self-destruction, having trouble sleeping, being unable to concentrate, acting aggressively, and experiencing feelings of guilt
Youngsters younger than six years old react to the distressing experience in exactly the same way as they did the last time it occurred. They might have dreams about the painful experiences they went through.
THERAPY OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER:
People who are suffering from PTSD should visit a doctor.
The doctor will conduct some tests:
- Physical exam: Medical problems which are responsible for causing symptoms.
- Mental evaluation: Discussion of symptoms and events happened to them.
- Use of DSM-5: Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders fifth edition is used which is published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Exposing a person to a re-enactment of a traumatic event in order to make a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common practise. Death, violence, and injuries ought to be included in it.
The exposure can be in one or more than three ways:
- Direct experience of traumatic event
- You as a witness of a traumatic event happened with others
- Learn about the traumatic event that happens to someone who is very close to you
- Repeated exposure to visuals of traumatic events
If you have had any of the above problems on a regular basis for more than a month, you may have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This can cause you to spend less time with friends, be less productive at work, and have trouble getting along with others.
TREATMENT OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER:
Every person who goes through a traumatic situation does not automatically develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), nor does every person who already has PTSD require treatment. After a time interval, symptoms of PTSD will reduce on its own. There are those who will receive assistance from their families. Some people with PTSD need professional help because their symptoms are so bad that they can’t do anything. If someone gets treatment right away, there is a better chance that they will return to their normal selves, although the likelihood of this happening will be lower. Through treatment, one might gradually regain a sense of control over their situation.
There are two main kinds of therapies, namely talk therapy and medical therapy, both of which have been validated by evidence. If we combine the two treatments, then the symptoms might be alleviated in the ways that are outlined in the following points:
- Teaching skills to handle your symptoms
- Teach you how to think good for you and others
- How to handle symptoms which arise again
- Treat depression, anxiety, alcohol consumption, drugs.
- Use to cure children and adults.
Types of talk therapy consists of:
- Cognitive behavioural therapy: Talk therapy which helps realise how you think.
- Exposure therapy: Helps face both situations and memories that are scary and how to cope up with that. Helps in flashbacks and nightmares. Virtual reality programs are conducted which help you to enter the trauma again.
- Eye Movement Desensitization And Reprocessing (EMDR): Combination of exposure therapy and eye movements that help process memories of trauma and change your reaction towards it.
Your doctor can assist you in developing strategies for managing stress so that you can more effectively deal with situations that cause you stress. After experiencing a traumatic event, you will find that all of these treatments are helpful in reducing your fear. You should have a talk with your doctor about treatment that suits you.
Various types of medicines will help to improve PTSD:
- Antidepressants: Alleviate the signs and symptoms of anxiety and depression. It helps one sleep better and can improve attention. The FDA has given its blessing to the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications like sertraline and paroxetine for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
- Anti-anxiety medicines: Bring your extreme anxiety under control. Because of the potential for certain medications to lead to addiction, patients are only allowed to take them for a limited amount of time.
- Prazosin: People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder get fewer nightmares as a result. According to the findings of a case study, Prazosin is not superior to a placebo.